Before installation of facing materials closely familiarize with the present instruction. During performance of works necessarily comply with safety precautions regulations.
Before the beginning of stacking of a stone to a wall necessarily spread out on a horizontal surface a stone from several boxes, alternating large and fine elements, as well as stones of various shades. It will allow to receive at the most natural picture of a laying and will accelerate process of installation.
Surface on which the stone will keep within should be firm, equal and pure. Before the beginning of stacking it is recommended to humidify a surface and a working side of a stone by means of a painting brush. If on a underside of a stone there is a white strike (cement milk) clean off its metal brush.
First of all angular elements or русты, then decorative elements (frames of windows and doors, eaves and so forth) keep within. Then the stone keeps within in a direction from external angles and apertures (a window and a door) aside equal walls. Angular elements and русты should be stacked, alternating long and short sides. Stacking of a stone from top to down, for avoidance of hit of glutinous structure on a ready laying Is recommended.
Use the glue intended for stacking of a natural and artificial stone (for example, glue Ceresit). Make a solution, following instructions of the manufacturer. Put smooth шпателем a glutinous solution on prepared стену* in thickness a layer about 0,5 see Level glue gear шпателем (the recommended height зубцов 4-6 mm). Put the same layer of glue on a back side of a stone. Glue should cover all surface of a stone. Vibrating movement densely press a tile into gluing weight.
At stacking a stone without a seam, try to adjust tiles as it is possible more densely to each other. Thus vertical clearances which subsequently are filled with structure for hermetic sealing a laying and improvement of physical appearance of the reveted surface are supposed both horizontal, and.
At stacking with a seam consider and comply with the recommended width of a seam between stones.
At all ways of stacking avoid long vertical seams.
After the stone is laid on a wall, it is necessary to lead расшивку seams. Get расшивку, intended for work on a natural both artificial stone and supposing width of a seam up to 20мм. Make a solution, following instructions of the manufacturer. Having cut off from a dense polyethylene package a corner, make of it кулек. The aperture in кульке should be slightly less width of seams between stones in facing. Fill кулек with the prepared solution and, squeezing out a solution through an aperture, accurately fill with it seams.
After the structure for a seam will slightly be seized, with the tool pressing movements smooth seams and remove surpluses of a solution. Then a rigid brush (not metal!) or a brush finally smooth out a surface.
In cases of frequent contact of a stone with water (uses on fountains or at constant running off of water from a roof on a facade) for additional protection and an increase of service life of a stone it is recommended to cover the reveted surface with a solution which is pushing away water.
HOW TO PREPARE THE SURFACE BEFORE FURNISH?
Facing by an artificial stone can is made on different types of surfaces: wooden and metal, brick and concrete, etc. Each type of a surface has the features of preparation.
At work on wooden surfaces it is necessary to use a waterproofing material, for example, a water-proof building paper. It put horizontal numbers, the top number on bottom внахлест on 4 sm; vertical seams should incorporate also внахлест on 8 see After installation of a waterproofing on a surface by means of the zinced nails or скоб крепят a plaster grid which should have protection against corrosion. Distance between fixture on a vertical – 10-15 sm, across – 35-40 sm- On internal and external angular surfaces a grid establish in two layers. From above on a grid put a layer of a plaster solution in thickness nearby 1 see Before installation of facing plaster necessarily should dry up.
If you were going to revet a metal surface, either the painted brick or concrete wall procedure of preparation differs from preparation of a wooden surface only that is not required installations of a waterproofing.
At facing by an artificial stone of walls from a unpainted brick or their ferro-concrete it is necessary to plaster preliminary.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR THE SOLUTION?
At installation of facing with расшивкой seams to mix on volume: 2 parts of cement;
1 part to exhaust; 5-7 parts of sand of average fraction; dyes (if necessary to make seams in colour); to add necessary quantity of water.
At seamless facing to mix on volume:
2 parts портландцемента, 1 part to exhaust, 7 parts of sand of average fraction, glue ПВА, or кладочный glue (the special type of the glue usually applied to a laying of a ceramic tile) to dissolve in a volumetric parity 1:1 with water and to add the received solution in a mixture (instead of water). The quantity портландцемента can vary depending on its mark and quality.
HOW TO ESTABLISH?
The general recommendations to have comprehensive idea of a choice of elements of facing and to facilitate their subsequent installation, we recommend you to spread out before the beginning of works on a floor near to the prepared surface at least 2 m кв. A material.
For reception of more natural type, during installation alternate elements on the size, thickness, color and a structure. Use facing from several boxes at the same time.
Stacking facing ‘ the Brick ‘ and rectangular types of stones, special attention give compliance with horizontal lines, using for this purpose a building level. Watch also that the angle was equal seats of intersection of vertical and horizontal lines of seams 90°.
With what to begin?
Begin installation of angular elements. Stack them, alternating short and long sides.
How properly to stack facing? Using мастерок, put on a underside of a facing element a layer of a solution for a laying in thickness nearby 1,5 see Cover with a solution all surface. Press a facing element to a wall. Slightly it advance for achievement of the best fixing. Thus the solution necessarily should be squeezed out from different directions the installed element.
At a seamless laying it is necessary to pay special attention on that face connections of facing elements have been filled by a thin layer of a solution. For this purpose:
It is necessary to put a solution completely on all underside of a facing element so that at installation surpluses were squeezed out on edges;
Right after installations, using мастерок, remove surpluses of a solution, leaving, however, its thin layer at end faces. Probably also drawing of a thin layer of a solution on end faces by means of special мешочка, filled by a solution.
If facing is established on very dry surface or weather hot and dry it is recommended to humidify established elements and a surface preliminary by means of a spray or a painting brush. Elements of facing can be lowered completely in a bucket with water. After wetting it is necessary to give within 2 minutes to a moisture to be absorbed.
At a seamless laying procedure of humidifying of facing elements is necessary for making without dependence from weather conditions.
If during installation on facing the solution has got, remove it only after подсыхания.
What is заделка seams and how it spend? Processing of seams is a filling with their cement mortal with objective of hermetic sealing. As a solution it is recommended to apply the same solution which you used for stacking facing.
Seams fill, using a special bag for filling seams with a solution. Such bag is easy for making most. For this purpose it is enough to cut off one of corners of a usual polyethylene package of the average size, and to make it it is necessary so that diameter of the turned out exhaust outlet was slightly less width of seams between elements of facing.
Fill a bag with a solution. Slowly squeezing out a solution through an aperture in a bag, accurately fill with it seams. Fill seams completely. Be close, that the solution has not got on facing.
When the solution in seams will be seized, by means of the wooden or metal tool remove its surpluses, at the same time stamping seams. Do not try to process seams right after their fillings as the solution which has not seized yet will leave dirty traces on facing.
After removal of surpluses of a solution for final alignment and polishing of seams, them it is necessary обмести by means of метелки, made of vegetative materials, or plastic. Never use wire метелку and solvents for clearing production.
Processing of seams – very responsible stage of performance of works. Its result should become full exception of a possibility of hit of a moisture under the installed facing, differently at freezing destruction of a laying and the facing is possible.
COMPLETION OF WORKS
After final drying stacking you can process it the special protective structures which are pushing away water. Such covering reflects water, protects from influence of solar radiation and acid rains. Such protection is especially necessary at temperature differences, отпотевании and other influences which can spoil or pollute facing. Necessarily process facing in case of its installation in pools, on fireplaces, or there where it can be exposed to pollution or influence of an excited environment. Besides the processed surface gets deeper color shades, is much easier cleared, that appreciably facilitates care it.